Njideka Akunyili Crosby, Mama, Mummy and Mamma (predecessors 2), 2014_TNCM Collection

- Njideka Akunyili Crosby is a Nigerian-born visual artist working in Los Angeles, California. Her large-scale figurative works combine collage, drawing, painting, and printmaking. She fuses both Nigerian and American influences and source material drawn from her personal memories and experiences. She routinely reflects on contemporary African life (often her family) along with her experience as an expatriate living in the U.S, and the inherent difficulty of navigating these two realms. 
In Mama, Mummy and Mamma (predecessors 2), the artist explores her relationship to her sister, mother, and grandmother. Set within the domestic space of a home, the work is simultaneously intimate while more broadly exploring the cultural complications of the dual worlds inhabited by a growing African diaspora. 
Like much of her work, the composition fuses a portrait of her sister, with photographs of her mother and grandmother, while a large image of the Virgin Mary, the Holy Mother, looks on with palms outstretched. An elaborate array of objects arranged carefully on the table suggests a still life composition characteristic of classical academic western painting. This idea of the still life is continued in the choice of medium – the magazine and photographic transfers are in themselves still life objects. The work is also reminiscent of Dutch Golden Age painting, depicting a woman seated at a table, surrounded by objects with symbolic or social meanings.